NOTIFICATION UNDER ARTICLE 12.1(B) OF THE AGREEMENT ON
SAFEGUARDS ON FINDING A SERIOUS INJURY OR THREAT
THEREOF CAUSED BY INCREASED IMPORTS

NOTIFICATION OF A PROPOSAL TO IMPOSE A MEASURE

NOTIFICATION PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 9, FOOTNOTE 2
OF THE AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARDS

EUROPEAN UNION

(Certain steel products)

The following communication, dated 2 January 2019, is being circulated at the request of the Delegation of the European Union.

 

_______________

 

 

Pursuant to Articles 12.1(b) of the Agreement on Safeguards, the European Union submits a notification on finding serious injury or threat thereof, to the domestic industries producing certain steel products and a notification on proposed safeguard measures. This notification contains all pertinent information relating to the proposed safeguard measures in accordance with Article 12.2 of the Agreement on Safeguards and an offer of consultations pursuant to Article 12.3 of the Agreement on Safeguards.

 

(1)  The investigation was initiated on 26 March 2018 pursuant to Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2015/478 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2015/755 of the European Parliament and of the Council. [ G/SG/N/6/EU/1 ]

 

(2)  On 18 July 2018, Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2018/10131 imposed provisional safeguard measures with regard to imports of certain steel products [ G/SG/N/7/EU/1 and G/SG/N/11/EU/1 ].

 

1.  Provide evidence of serious injury or threat thereof caused by increased imports

 

(3)  The injury assessment has been conducted on a global basis, namely for the product concerned under assessment, thereby including the 26 product categories where the Commission found an increase in imports. The Commission supplemented its analysis with an assessment for three product families regrouping these product categories, i.e. flat products, long products and tubes. This injury analysis below is based on the questionnaire replies submitted by the Union industry.

 

(4)  The relevant figures for each of the economic indicators concerning both the global development of the situation of the Union steel industry and the situation of the Union steel industry for the three above product families is presented in the Annex I.

 

(5)  The analysis showed that the Union industry – both globally and for each of the three product families – was in a difficult economic situation until 2016, and only partially recovered in 2017. The industry is thus still in a vulnerable position.

 

(6)  Indeed, despite a temporary improvement, the EU steel industry was still in a fragile situation and under the threat of serious injury if the increasing trend in imports continued with the ensuing price depression and profitability drop below sustainable levels. The injury analysis showed that this expected trend is already underway as the most updated set of data show.

 

(7)  The Commission has carried out a more accurate analysis of the likelihood of further increased exports based on an analysis of the most recent data available, namely the period January-September 2018. This updated set of data allowed the Commission to confirm the findings of a risk of trade diversion.

 

(8)  Overall, imports of the product under assessment have, on an annual basis further increased. The increase in imports in the period July 2017 – June 2018 as compared to January 2017 - December 2017 is explained by the relatively high level of imports in the first semester of 2018, when the total volume of imports of the product under assessment amounted to 17,4 million MT as compared to 15,4 million MT during the first semester of 2017 and 14,5 million MT during the second semester of 2017.

 

(9)  For each and every month in 2018, import volumes into the Union in 2018 were higher than import volumes in 2017. In particular imports increased significantly from March 2018. The differences with 2017 were more substantial in June and July 2018, a few months after the imposition of the US Section 232 measures. In August and September 2018, the increase was still significant but less pronounced than in the preceding two months, possibly in view of the provisional safeguard measures that were imposed on 18 July 2018.

 

(10)  During the same period, imports into the USA of the 26 products under assessment have sharply decreased, in particular since the imposition of the US Section 232 measures. In September 2018, the level of imports was 35% below the level of imports in April 2018. Overall, the decrease in imports from January to September 2018 was 19%.

 

(11)  The trend of increased imports in the Union, which is driven in part by the impact of the US Section 232 measures, is expected to be even more pronounced in the near future if no measures are taken. This is based on the fact that a high number of US producers of products covered by the US Section 232 measures have announced important production expansion plans and consequently, the US market will no longer be able to absorb an increased domestic production and the same level of imports as before. Consequently, exporting producers will have to look for alternative markets and the Union market is then, in view of its size, an ideal substitute market.

 

(12)  The Commission therefore concluded that the Union steel industry is in a situation of threat of serious injury for the product concerned, including the 26 product categories under assessment. The Commission also concluded that there was a causal link between increased imports of the product under assessment and the vulnerable situation of and threat of serious injury to the Union industry as the steel product categories produced by the Union producers are like or directly competing with the steel product categories concerned.

 

2.  Provide information on whether there is an absolute increase in imports or an increase in imports relative to domestic production

 

(13)  The Commission made an overall analysis of the increase in imports for the 26 product categories concerned over the period 2013-2017. This global analysis excluded product categories that did not show an increase at individual level. The development of imports for each of the three product families identified above was also examined in order to confirm the soundness of the conclusions reached on a global basis.

 

(14)  The Commission used in its analysis the most recent statistics, namely import data covering the first half of 2018. For ensuring data comparability with previous full-year periods, the Commission established an additional ad-hoc 12-month period made of the last 6 months of 2017 and the first 6 months of 2018 ('the most recent period' or 'MRP') . The Commission also corrected some minor clerical errors in the data used at provisional stage.

 

(15)  As to the global imports' analysis, the imports of the 26 remaining product categories under assessment show the following developments:

Table 1

Import volume and market share after exclusion of certain countries and products

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

MRP

Imports (000 tonnes)

18 329

21 868

26 552

29 141

30 094

31 314

index 2013=100

100

119

145

159

164

171

Market share

12,4%

14,1%

16,6%

17,6%

17,8%

18,6%

 

Source: Eurostat and Union Industry questionnaire replies

 

(16)  For each of the three product families identified above: flat products, long products and tubes the import volumes and corresponding market shares developed as follows:

Table 2

Import volume and market share after exclusion of certain countries
and products – by product family

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

MRP

Flat products

           

imports (000 tonnes)

12 327

14 215

18 391

20 281

20 299

20 202

index 2013=100

100

115

149

164

164

164

Market share

14,1%

15,7%

19,3%

20,6%

20,7%

20,7%

Long products

           

imports (000 tonnes)

4 001

5 258

6 028

6 550

6 465

7 901

index 2013=100

100

131

151

164

162

197

Market share

7,9%

9,9%

11,2%

11,8%

11,2%

13,5%

Tubes

           

imports (000 tonnes)

2 001

2 396

2 134

2 310

3 330

3 212

index 2013=100

100

120

107

115

166

160

Market share

20,2%

20,6%

19,5%

19,8%

25,1%

25,5%

 

Source: Eurostat and Union Industry questionnaire replies

 

(17)  Accordingly, the Commission concludes that there has been a sudden, steep, and significant increase of imports both in absolute and relative terms for the product concerned under assessment. This finding is also confirmed by the data at the level of each of the three product families assessed.

 

3.  Provide precise description of the product involved

 

(18)  The product concerned is certain steel products belonging to the 26 steel product categories listed in Annex II.

 

4.  Provide precise description of the proposed measure

 

(19)  It is proposed that the definitive safeguard measure takes the form of a tariff-rate quota in order to prevent serious injury, but at the same time preserve traditional trade flows as much as possible. This level of tariff-rate quota shall be set at the average level of imports over the last three representative years. The Commission considered it necessary to modulate the tariff-rate quota level above the average import level for the last three years to take account of the competing interests between users and importers, on the one hand, and the Union industry, on the other hand. On this basis, the Commission considers that the quantitative level of the tariff-rate quota should be based on the average imports in the period 2015-2017 plus 5%.

 

(20)  The additional duties to be paid above the quota shall be 25%.

(21)  The Commission considers that a country-specific tariff-rate quota system is the most appropriate system to ensure traditional trade flows. It has however some limitations. First, the number of supplying countries is significant for each product category. It is not reasonably practicable to allocate a tariff-rate quota to each of them. Second, the Commission considers that it is necessary, for an adequate tariff-rate quota allocation, to take into account special factors that will affect the trade in the products concerned. Indeed, for a number of products falling within the scope of this investigation, the Union has recently imposed anti-dumping/countervailing duty measures on certain exporting countries. This has often resulted in a significant decrease of imports from these countries in the most recent year, and will continue to do so during the period of imposition of these measures. A country-specific tariff-rate quota for these countries will therefore more than likely be used only marginally since the level of the tariff-rate quota is based on the average level of imports in the years 2015-2017, i.e. including a period when anti-dumping/countervailing duty measures were not yet in place and the level of import was significant due to unfair trade practices. It would, therefore, not be in the Union interest to allocate a country specific tariff-rate quota in these circumstances since the level of future imports would unavoidably be below their traditional trade levels.

 

(22)  The Commission concluded that, given the above circumstances, a mixed approach would be the most appropriate. First, a country specific tariff-rate quota should be allocated to countries having a significant supplying interest, based on their imports over the last 3 years. A global tariff-rate quota ('the residual quota') based on the average of the remaining imports over the last three years should be allocated to all other supplying countries. This residual tariff-rate quota should be divided quarterly in order to ensure that imports are evenly distributed over the year and prevent that significant imports of standard products are stockpiled at the beginning of the period in order to avoid possible duties. Unused quarterly tariff-rate quota allocations would also be automatically transferred to the next period.

 

(23)  A country specific tariff-rate quota should however not be allocated to those countries whose export level – for each product category concerned – has substantially diminished in the recent past because of anti-dumping/countervailing duty measures in place for the above reasons. These countries should fall within the residual tariff-rate quota.

 

(24)  In the specific case of product category 1 (hot rolled coils), since close to 60% of imports are currently covered by anti-dumping measures, the Commission considers that a global tariff-rate quota and no country-specific allocation is the most appropriate.

 

(25)  Finally, the Commission considers that it is in the Union interest that when a supplying country has exhausted its specific tariff-rate quota, it should be allowed to have access to the residual tariff-rate quota. This possibility should however only be applied during the last quarter of the period, in order to strike a balance between the interests of the countries endowed with a country specific tariff-rate quota and the countries drawing on the global tariff-rate quota. This would not only ensure the maintenance of traditional trade flows but also avoid that, as the case may be, parts of the residual tariff-rate quota would remain unused.

 

(26)  The tariff-rate quota and the allocation of quotas among supplying countries is set out in Annex II.

 

5.  Provide proposed date of introduction of the measure

 

(27)  The definitive measures should be introduced before the end of 200 days period of application of provisional measures, i.e. before 4th February 2019.

 

6.  Provide expected duration of the measure

 

(28)  The Commission considers that the measures should be in place for a period of three years (including the period of imposition of the provisional measures), expiring on 16 July 2021. A tariff-rate quota should be open for the period 2 February 2019 to 16 July 2019, thereafter, for the period of 17 July 2019 to 16 July 2020, and, thereafter, for the period 17 July 2020 to July 2021.

7.  For a measure with a duration of more than three years, provide the proposed date for the review (under Article 7.4) to be held not later than the mid-term of the measure, if such a date for the review has already been scheduled

 

(29)  Not applicable

 

8.  If the expected duration is over one year, provide expected timetable for progressive liberalisation of the measure

 

(30)  The level of the tariff-rate quota should be increased by 5% in each year during which the measures are in force.

 

9.  Provide information relating to the extension of a safeguard measure

 

(31)  Not applicable

 

10.  Exclusion of certain countries from the scope of the definitive measures

 

(32)  The final determination made by the Commission shows that the product categories concerned originating in certain developing countries meet the requirements of Article 9 of the WTO Agreement on Safeguards and should therefore be excluded, as set out in Annex III.

 

(33)  On account of the close integration of markets with European Economic Area members, the Commission considers that the products under assessment originating in Norway, Iceland, and Liechtenstein should be excluded from the application of this Regulation. Furthermore, in order to comply with bilateral obligations, certain countries with which the Union has signed an Economic Partnership Agreement that is currently in force2 should also be excluded from the scope of measures.

 

11.  Procedures relevant to the decision to apply the measures and information regarding procedures for prior consultations with those Members having a substantial interest as exporters of the product concerned

 

(34)  Members having a substantial interest as exporters of the product subject to the investigation that wish to consult with the European Union may make a request through the EU Mission in Geneva. These consultations shall be held preferably during the week of 7-11 January 2019.

 


 

ANNEX I – ECONOMIC SITUATION OF THE EU STEEL INDUSTRY

1.  Global situation of the EU steel industry

 

a.  Consumption, domestic sales and market shares

Table 3 – The Union consumption, domestic sales and market share

(000 tonnes)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Consumption (all)

147 921

155 153

160 128

165 727

168 730

index 2013=100

100

105

108

112

114

Domestic sales (all)

129 592

133 285

133 575

136 586

138 636

index 2013=100

100

103

103

105

107

Market share (all)

87,6%

85,9%

83,4%

82,4%

82,2%

 

Source: Eurostat and industry data

b.  Production, production capacity, capacity utilisation rate and stocks

Table 4 – Production, production capacity, capacity utilisation, stocks

(000 tonnes)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Production (all)

243 945

249 855

248 763

249 204

254 925

index 2013=100

100

102

102

102

105

Production capacity (all)

337 010

334 545

332 427

333 179

335 358

index 2013=100

100

99

99

99

100

Capacity utilisation (all)

72%

75%

75%

75%

76%

Stocks (all)

11,883

12,734

13,159

12,974

14,140

index 2013=100

100

107

111

109

119

 

Source: Industry data and questionnaire replies

c.  Unit sales prices, profitability and cash flow

Table 5 – Unit sales price, profitability, cash flow

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Unit sales price (€/tonne)

693.6

673.4

636.6

591.0

697.7

index 2013=100

100

97

92

85

101

Profitability (% turnover)

-0.9%

0.8%

0.6%

2.1%

5.6%

Cash flow (million €)

3,721

4,975

6,461

5,508

6,201

index 2013=100

100

134

174

148

167

 

Source: Questionnaire replies

d.  Employment

Table 6 – Employment

(FTE)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Employment (all)

225,607

220,429

218,010

217,460

216,399

index 2013=100

100

98

97

96

96

 

Source: Industry data and questionnaire replies


 

2.  Analysis of the situation of the Union steel industry for the three product families

a.  Consumption, domestic sales and market shares

Table 7 – Consumption, domestic sales, market share per product family

(000 tonnes)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Consumption (flat)

87 539

90 579

95 411

98 555

97 900

index 2013=100

100

103

109

113

112

Consumption (long)

50 462

52 937

53 784

55 485

57 560

index 2013=100

100

105

107

110

114

Consumption (tubes)

9 921

11 637

10 933

11 687

13 270

index 2013=100

100

117

110

118

134

           

Domestic sales (flat)

75 212

76 365

77 020

78 274

77 601

index 2013=100

100

102

102

104

103

Domestic sales (long)

46 461

47 679

47 757

48 935

51 095

index 2013=100

100

103

103

105

110

Domestic sales (tubes)

7 920

9 241

8 799

9 377

9 940

index 2013=100

100

117

111

118

126

           

Market share (flat)

86%

84%

81%

79%

79%

Market share (long)

92%

90%

89%

88%

89%

Market share (tubes)

80%

79%

80%

80%

75%

 

Source: Eurostat and industry data

b.  Production, production capacity, capacity utilisation rate and stocks

Table 8 – Production, production capacity, capacity utilisation, stocks per product family

(000 tonnes)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Production (flat)

172 873

177 224

176 567

177 247

180 986

index 2013=100

100

103

102

103

105

Production (long)

59 082

59 535

60 079

59 706

60 572

index 2013=100

100

101

102

101

103

Production (tubes)

11 991

13 096

12 116

12 251

13 366

index 2013=100

100

109

101

102

111

           

Production capacity (flat)

234 615

233 689

230 216

230 921

232 220

index 2013=100

100

100

98

98

99

Production capacity (long)

80 833

78 244

79 455

79 736

81 806

index 2013=100

100

97

98

99

101

Production capacity (tubes)

24 053

25 482

27 721

27 255

24 224

index 2013=100

100

106

115

113

101

           

Capacity utilisation (flat)

74%

76%

77%

77%

78%

Capacity utilisation (long)

73%

76%

76%

75%

74%

Capacity utilisation (tubes)

50%

51%

44%

45%

55%

Stocks (flat)

7,573

8,171

8,386

8,098

8,623

index 2013=100

100

108

111

107

114

Stocks (long)

3,449

3,430

3,722

3,740

3,877

index 2013=100

100

99

108

108

112

Stocks (tubes)

861

1,132

1,050

1,137

1,639

index 2013=100

100

132

122

132

190

 

Source: Industry data and questionnaire replies

c.  Unit sales prices, profitability and cash flow

Table 9 – Unit sales price, profitability, cash flow per product family

(EUR / tonne)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Unit sales price (€/tonne, flat)

711.3

689.3

659.8

612.8

744.3

index 2013=100

100

97

93

86

105

Unit sales price (€/tonne, long)

607.0

591.3

546.4

509.1

584.4

index 2013=100

100

97

90

84

96

Unit sales price (€/tonne, tubes)

1,093.9

1,063.5

1,013.9

913.2

949.3

index 2013=100

100

97

93

83

87

Profitability (% turnover, flat)

-1.9%

0.2%

0.5%

2.5%

7.7%

Profitability (% turnover, long)

0.7%

2.1%

1.7%

2.1%

3.1%

Profitability (% turnover, tubes)

1.3%

0.4%

-3.4%

-1.2%

-1.7%

Cash flow (million €, flat)

2,309

3,997

5,209

4,235

5,177

index 2013=100

100

173

226

183

224

Cash flow (million €, long)

820

1,156

1,534

1,473

1,159

index 2013=100

100

141

187

180

141

Cash flow (million €, tubes)

592

-178

-283

-200

-135

index 2013=100

100

-30

-48

-34

-23

 

Source: Questionnaire replies

d.  Employment

Table 10 – Employment per product family

(FTE)

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Employment (flat)

134,720

129,256

127,743

126,300

126,124

index 2013=100

100

96

95

94

94

Employment (long)

49,545

49,662

51,288

53,946

53,943

index 2013=100

100

100

104

109

109

Employment (tubes)

41,342

41,511

38,978

37,214

36,333

index 2013=100

100

100

94

90

88

 

Source: Industry data and questionnaire replies

 


ANNEX II. - PRODUCT CONCERNED AND TARIFF–RATE QUOTAS

Product Number

Product category

CN Codes

Allocation by country (Where Applicable)

From 2.2.2019 to 30.6.2019

From 1.7.2019 to 30.6.2020

From 1.7.2020 to 30.6.2021

       

Volume of tariff–rate quota (net tonnes)

Volume of tariff–rate quota (net tonnes)

Volume of tariff–rate quota (net tonnes)

1

Non Alloy and Other Alloy Hot Rolled Sheets and Strips

7208 10 00, 7208 25 00, 7208 26 00, 7208 27 00, 7208 36 00, 7208 37 00, 7208 38 00, 7208 39 00, 7208 40 00, 7208 52 99, 7208 53 90, 7208 54 00, 7211 14 00, 7211 19 00, 7212 60 00, 7225 19 10, 7225 30 10, 7225 30 30, 7225 30 90, 7225 40 15, 7225 40 90, 7226 19 10, 7226 91 20, 7226 91 91, 7226 91 99

All third countries

3.359.532,08

8.641.212,54

9.073.273,16

             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             
             

2

Non Alloy and Other Alloy Cold Rolled Sheets

7209 15 00, 7209 16 90, 7209 17 90, 7209 18 91, 7209 25 00, 7209 26 90, 7209 27 90, 7209 28 90, 7209 90 20, 7209 90 80, 7211 23 20, 7211 23 30, 7211 23 80, 7211 29 00, 7211 90 20, 7211 90 80, 7225 50 20, 7225 50 80, 7226 20 00, 7226 92 00

India

234.714,39

603.720,07

633.906,07

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

144.402,99

371.425,82

389.997,11

     

Ukraine

102.325,83

263.197,14

276.357,00

     

Brazil

65.398,61

168.214,89

176.625,64

     

Serbia

56.480,21

145.275,43

152.539,20

     

Other countries

430.048,96

1.106.149,42

1.161.456,89

3.A

Electrical Sheets (other than GOES)

7209 16 10, 7209 17 10, 7209 18 10, 7209 26 10, 7209 27 10, 7209 28 10

Korea (Republic of)

1.923,96

4.948,72

5.196,15

             
     

China

822,98

2.116,84

2.222,68

     

Russia

519,69

1.336,71

1.403,54

     

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

227,52

585,21

614,47

     

Other countries

306,34

787,96

827,35

3.B

 

7225 19 90, 7226 19 80

Russia

51.426,29

132.276,00

138.889,80

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

31.380,40

80.715,02

84.750,77

     

China

24.187,01

62.212,57

65.323,20

     

Chinese Taipei

18.144,97

46.671,54

49.005,12

     

Other countries

8.395,39

21.594,19

22.673,90

4.A

Metallic Coated Sheets

CN Codes: 7210 20 00, 7210 30 00, 7210 90 80, 7212 20 00, 7212 50 20, 7212 50 30, 7212 50 40, 7212 50 90, 7225 91 00, 7226 99 10

TARIC Codes: 7210 41 00 20, 7210 49 00 20
7210 61 00 20, 7210 69 00 20, 7212 30 00 20,
7212 50 61 20, 7212 50 69 20, 7225 92 00 20,
7225 99 00 11, 7225 99 00 22, 7225 99 00 40,
7225 99 00 91, 7225 99 00 92, 7226 99 30 10,
7226 99 70 11, 7226 99 70 91, 7226 99 70 94

Korea (Republic of)

190.115,04

489.003,95

513.454,15

             
             
     

India

141.294,30

363.429,79

381.601,28

     

Other countries

840.112,17

2.160.892,54

2.268.937,17

4.B

 

CN Codes : 7210 30 00, 7212 20 00, 7212 50 20

TARIC codes : 7210 41 00 80, 7210 49 00 80,
7210 61 00 80, 7210 69 00 80, 7212 30 00 80,
7212 50 61 80, 7212 50 69 80, 7225 92 00 80,
7225 99 00 25, 7225 99 00 95, 7226 99 30 90,
7226 99 70 19, 7226 99 70 96

China

197.619,78

508.307,26

533.722,62

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

128.989,32

331.779,59

348.368,57

     

India

60.360,37

155.255,78

163.018,57

     

Chinese Taipei

32.690,68

84.085,25

88.289,51

     

Other countries

70.884,28

182.324,84

191.441,08

5

Organic Coated Sheets

7210 70 80, 7212 40 80

India

108.042,36

277.900,89

291.795,94

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

103.354,11

265.842,04

279.134,14

     

Chinese Taipei

31.975,79

82.246,46

86.358,79

     

Turkey

21.834,45

56.161,42

58.969,49

     

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

16.331,15

42.006,13

44.106,44

     

Other countries

43.114,71

110.897,39

116.442,26

6

Tin Mill products

7209 18 99, 7210 11 00, 7210 12 20, 7210 12 80, 7210 50 00, 7210 70 10, 7210 90 40, 7212 10 10, 7212 10 90, 7212 40 20

China

158.139,17

406.757,31

427.095,17

             
     

Serbia

30.545,88

78.568,52

82.496,95

     

Korea (Republic of)

23.885,70

61.437,55

64.509,42

     

Chinese Taipei

21.167,00

54.444,65

57.166,88

     

Brazil

19.730,03

50.748,55

53.285,98

     

Other countries

 

 

33.167,30

85.311,19

89.576,75

7

Non Alloy and Other Alloy Quarto Plates

7208 51 20, 7208 51 91, 7208 51 98, 7208 52 91, 7208 90 20, 7208 90 80, 7210 90 30, 7225 40 12, 7225 40 40, 7225 40 60, 7225 99 00

Ukraine

339.678,24

873.702,59

917.387,71

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

140.011,38

360.129,93

378.136,43

     

Russia

115.485,12

297.044,77

311.897,01

     

India

74.811,09

192.425,17

202.046,43

     

Other countries

466.980,80

1.201.143,58

1.261.200,76

8

Stainless Hot Rolled Sheets and Strips

7219 11 00, 7219 12 10, 7219 12 90, 7219 13 10, 7219 13 90, 7219 14 10, 7219 14 90, 7219 22 10, 7219 22 90, 7219 23 00, 7219 24 00, 7220 11 00, 7220 12 00

China

87.328,82

224.622,62

235.853,75

             
     

Korea (Republic of)

18.082,33

46.510,43

48.835,95

     

Chinese Taipei

12.831,07

33.003,41

34.653,58

     

United States of America

11.810,30

30.377,84

31.896,74

     

Other countries

10.196,61

26.227,19

27.538,55

9

Stainless Cold Rolled Sheets and Strips

7219 31 00, 7219 32 10, 7219 32 90, 7219 33 10, 7219 33 90, 7219 34 10, 7219 34 90, 7219 35 10, 7219 35 90, 7219 90 20, 7219 90 80, 7220 20 21, 7220 20 29, 7220 20 41, 7220 20 49, 7220 20 81, 7220 20 89, 7220 90 20, 7220 90 80

Korea (Republic of)

70.813,18

182.141,97

191.249,07

             
     

Chinese Taipei

65.579,14

168.679,23

177.113,19

     

India

42.720,54

109.883,53

115.377,71

     

United States of America

35.609,52

91.592,94

96.172,59

     

Turkey

29.310,69

75.391,41

79.160,98

     

Malaysia

19.799,24

50.926,57

53.472,90

     

Vietnam

16.832,28

43.295,10

45.459,86

     

Other countries

50.746,86

130.528,43

137.054,85

10

Stainless Hot Rolled Quarto Plates

7219 21 10, 7219 21 90

China

6.765,50

17.401,86

18.271,95

             
     

India

2.860,33

7.357,20

7.725,06

     

Chinese Taipei

1.119,34

2.879,11

3.023,06

     

Other countries

1.440,07

3.704,07

3.889,27

12

Non Alloy and Other Alloy Merchant Bars and Light Sections

7214 30 00, 7214 91 10, 7214 91 90, 7214 99 31, 7214 99 39, 7214 99 50, 7214 99 71, 7214 99 79, 7214 99 95, 7215 90 00, 7216 10 00, 7216 21 00, 7216 22 00, 7216 40 10, 7216 40 90, 7216 50 10, 7216 50 91, 7216 50 99, 7216 99 00, 7228 10 20, 7228 20 10, 7228 20 91, 7228 30 20, 7228 30 41, 7228 30 49, 7228 30 61, 7228 30 69, 7228 30 70, 7228 30 89, 7228 60 20, 7228 60 80, 7228 70 10, 7228 70 90, 7228 80 00

China

166.217,87

427.536,89

448.913,74

             
     

Turkey

114.807,87

295.302,79

310.067,93

     

Russia

94.792,44

243.820,15

256.011,16

     

Switzerland

73.380,52

188.745,54

198.182,81

     

Belarus

57.907,73

148.947,24

156.394,60

     

Other countries

76.245,19

196.113,88

205.919,57

13

Rebars

7214 20 00, 7214 99 10

Turkey

117.231,80

301.537,50

316.614,37

             
     

Russia

94.084,20

241.998,46

254.098,38

     

Ukraine

62.534,65

160.848,36

168.890,77

     

Bosnia and Herzegovina

39.356,10

101.229,71

106.291,20

     

Moldova

28.284,59

72.752,14

76.389,74

     

Other countries

217.775,50

560.150,74

588.158,28

14

Stainless Bars and Light Sections

7222 11 11, 7222 11 19, 7222 11 81, 7222 11 89, 7222 19 10, 7222 19 90, 7222 20 11, 7222 20 19, 7222 20 21, 7222 20 29, 7222 20 31, 7222 20 39, 7222 20 81, 7222 20 89, 7222 30 51, 7222 30 91, 7222 30 97, 7222 40 10, 7222 40 50, 7222 40 90

India

44.433,00

114.288,24

120.002,65

             
     

Switzerland

6.502,75

16.726,03

17.562,33

     

Ukraine

5.733,50

14.747,41

15.484,78

     

Other countries

8.533,24

21.948,75

23.046,19

15

Stainless Wire Rod

7221 00 10, 7221 00 90

India

10.135,23

26.069,31

27.372,78

             
     

Chinese Taipei

6.619,68

17.026,79

17.878,13

     

Korea (Republic of)

3.300,07

8.488,26

8.912,67

     

China

2.216,86

5.702,09

5.987,20

     

Japan

2.190,40

5.634,03

5.915,73

     

Other countries

1.144,43

2.943,64

3.090,82

16

Non Alloy and Other Alloy Wire Rod

7213 10 00, 7213 20 00, 7213 91 10, 7213 91 20, 7213 91 41, 7213 91 49, 7213 91 70, 7213 91 90, 7213 99 10, 7213 99 90, 7227 10 00, 7227 20 00, 7227 90 10, 7227 90 50, 7227 90 95

Ukraine

149.009,10

383.273,39

402.437,06

             
     

Switzerland

141.995,22

365.232,67

383.494,31

     

Russia

122.883,63

316.074,84

331.878,59

     

Turkey

121.331,08

312.081,44

327.685,51

     

Belarus

97.436,46

250.620,96

263.152,01

     

Moldova

73.031,65

187.848,18

197.240,59

     

Other countries

122.013,20

313.835,96

329.527,76

17

Angles, Shapes and Sections of Iron or Non Alloy Steel

7216 31 10, 7216 31 90, 7216 32 11, 7216 32 19, 7216 32 91, 7216 32 99, 7216 33 10, 7216 33 90

Ukraine

42.915,19

110.384,21

115.903,42

             
     

Turkey

38.465,03

98.937,73

103.884,61

     

Korea (Republic of)

10.366,76

26.664,84

27.998,09

     

Russia

9.424,08

24.240,12

25.452,12

     

Brazil

8.577,95

22.063,74

23.166,93

     

Switzerland

6.648,01

17.099,66

17.954,65

     

Other countries

14.759,92

37.964,70

39.862,93

18

Sheet Piling

7301 10 00

China

12.198,24

31.375,68

32.944,46

             
     

United Arab Emirates

6.650,41

17.105,84

17.961,13

     

Other countries

480,04

1.234,73

1.296,46

19

Railway Material

7302 10 22, 7302 10 28, 7302 10 40, 7302 10 50, 7302 40 00

Russia

2.147,19

5.522,90

5.799,05

             
     

China

2.145,07

5.517,42

5.793,30

     

Turkey

1.744,68

4.487,58

4.711,96

     

Ukraine

657,60

1.691,46

1.776,03

     

Other countries

1.010,85

2.600,06

2.730,07

20

Gas pipes

7306 30 41, 7306 30 49, 7306 30 72, 7306 30 77

Turkey

88.914,68

228.701,68

240.136,77

             
     

India

32.317,40

83.125,12

87.281,37

     

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

9.637,48

24.789,01

26.028,46

     

Other countries

22.028,87

56.661,52

59.494,59

21

Hollow sections

7306 61 10, 7306 61 92, 7306 61 99

Turkey

154.436,15

397.232,59

417.094,22

             
     

Russia

35.406,28

91.070,18

95.623,68

     

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

34.028,95

87.527,48

91.903,85

     

Ukraine

25.240,74

64.922,92

68.169,06

     

Switzerland

25.265,29

57.369,40

60.237,87

     

Belarus

20.898,79

53.754,78

56.442,52

     

Other countries

25.265,29

64.986,05

68.235,36

22

Seamless Stainless Tubes and Pipes

7304 11 00, 7304 22 00, 7304 24 00, 7304 41 00, 7304 49 10, 7304 49 93, 7304 49 95, 7304 49 99

India

8.315,90

21.389,71

22.459,20

             
     

Ukraine

5.224,94

13.439,33

14.111,29

     

Korea (Republic of)

1.649,31

4.242,27

4.454,39

     

Japan

1.590,45

4.090,86

4.295,41

     

United States of America

1.393,26

3.583,68

3.762,86

     

China

1.299,98

3.343,74

3.510,92

     

Other countries

2.838,17

7.300,20

7.665,21

24

Other Seamless Tubes

7304 19 10, 7304 19 30, 7304 19 90, 7304 23 00, 7304 29 10, 7304 29 30, 7304 29 90, 7304 31 20, 7304 31 80, 7304 39 10, 7304 39 52, 7304 39 58, 7304 39 92, 7304 39 93, 7304 39 98, 7304 51 81, 7304 51 89, 7304 59 10, 7304 59 92, 7304 59 93, 7304 59 99, 7304 90 00

China

49.483,75

127.279,51

133.643,48

             
     

Ukraine

36.779,89

94.603,32

99.333,49

     

Belarus

19.655,31

50.556,35

53.084,17

     

Japan

13.766,04

35.408,29

37.178,71

     

United States of America

12.109,53

31.147,50

32.704,87

     

Other countries

 

55.345,57

142.356,97

149.474,82

25

Large welded tubes

7305 11 00, 7305 12 00, 7305 19 00, 7305 20 00, 7305 31 00, 7305 39 00, 7305 90 00

Russia

140.602,32

361.649,91

379.732,41

             
     

Turkey

17.543,40

45.124,22

47.380,43

     

China

14.213,63

36.559,56

38.387,54

     

Other countries

34.011,86

87.483,52

91.857,70

26

Other Welded Pipes

7306 11 10, 7306 11 90, 7306 19 10, 7306 19 90, 7306 21 00, 7306 29 00, 7306 30 11, 7306 30 19, 7306 30 80, 7306 40 20, 7306 40 80, 7306 50 20, 7306 50 80, 7306 69 10, 7306 69 90, 7306 90 00

Switzerland

64.797,98

166.669,96

175.003,46

             
     

Turkey

60.693,64

156.113,01

163.918,66

     

United Arab Emirates

18.676,40

48.038,46

50.440,38

     

China

18.010,22

46.324,96

48.641,20

     

Chinese Taipei

14.374,20

36.972,56

38.821,19

     

India

11.358,87

29.216,69

30.677,53

     

Other countries

36.898,57

94.908,57

99.653,99

27

Non-alloy and other alloy cold finished bars

7215 10 00, 7215 50 11, 7215 50 19, 7215 50 80, 7228 10 90, 7228 20 99, 7228 50 20, 7228 50 40, 7228 50 61, 7228 50 69, 7228 50 80

Russia

117.519,41

302.277,28

317.391,14

             
     

Switzerland

27.173,22

69.893,54

73.388,22

     

China

20.273,26

52.145,82

54.753,12

     

Ukraine

15.969,02

41.074,67

43.128,40

     

Other countries

17.540,47

45.116,69

47.372,52

28

Non Alloy Wire

7217 10 10, 7217 10 31, 7217 10 39, 7217 10 50, 7217 10 90, 7217 20 10, 7217 20 30, 7217 20 50, 7217 20 90, 7217 30 41, 7217 30 49, 7217 30 50, 7217 30 90, 7217 90 20, 7217 90 50, 7217 90 90

Belarus

88.294,51

227.106,51

238.461,84

             
     

China

66.719,82

171.613,24

180.193,90

     

Russia

41.609,21

107.025,04

112.376,29

     

Turkey

40.302,46

103.663,89

108.847,08

     

Ukraine

26.755,09

68.818,05

72.258,95

     

Other countries

39.770,29

102.295,06

107.409,81

 

 


ANNEX III.1 – LIST OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, MEMBERS OF THE WTO

Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Macao, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

ANNEX III.2 – LIST OF PRODUCT CATEGORIES ORIGINATING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES TO WHICH THE DEFINITIVE MEASURES APPLY

Country / Product group

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

24

25

26

27

28

Brazil

x

x

 

 

 

x

x

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

China

 

 

x

x

 

x

 

x

 

x

x

 

 

x

 

 

x

x

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Egypt

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

 

 

 

 

x

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

India

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

 

 

x

x

 

 

 

 

x

 

x

 

 

x

 

 

Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malaysia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

Moldova

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thailand

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

x

x

 

x

x

 

 

 

x

x

x

x

 

 

x

x

 

x

x

x

 

 

x

x

x

x

Ukraine

x

x

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

x

x

 

x

x

 

x

x

x

x

x

 

 

x

x

United Arab Emirates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x

x

 

x

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

Vietnam

 

x

 

x

 

 

 

 

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

__________



1  Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2018/1013 of 17 July 2018 imposing provisional safeguard measures with regard to imports of certain steel products (OJ L181,18.7.2018, p. 39) .

 

2  Botswana, Cameroon, Fiji, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland.